Obesity is bad for your health

What is obesity?

Obesity is the medical term employed to refer to an excess and unusual amount of overall body fat, which is dangerous to one’s well being. It’s now frequently deemed to be a chronic illness.

The majority of obese people are substantially overweight. Even so, you might be a bit surprised to learn that this is not always the case; obesity also comes about in people who are not actually overweight, but have much more body fat than muscle.

Skin fold measurements and bioelectrical impedance are popular ways to test for obesity. On the other hand, it’s most often measured by reference to a person’s body mass index (BMI), a fairly crude calculation which shows weight in relation to height – the person’s weight in kilograms is divided by the square of their height in meters (kg/m2).

• A BMI over 25 kg/m2 is understood to be being overweight.

Obesity is identified as having a BMI of 30.0 kg/m2 or higher, or being 30 pounds or more over your optimal body weight.

Extreme obesity is described as a BMI of 40.0 kg/m2 or more.

It is important to note that these are not sophisticated measures and do not consider individual features. For instance, the measure will be the same for males and females and for all ages of adults. As a result, at best they’re “rough guides”. That being said, BMI supplies just about the most valuable population-level measure of obesity and these markers provide common benchmarks for evaluation.

Statistics

Within the UK, it is estimated that 61% of adults and 31% of children are overweight. Based on statistics from 2009, 22% of males and 24% of ladies in England were actually classified as obese.

Obesity rates in the United States of America have increased significantly since 1990, as stated by the Center for Disease Control. Worryingly, thirty-three states tell of an obesity prevalence rate that is higher than 25%.

Obesity has likewise reached epidemic proportions throughout the world, with more than 1 billion adults being overweight and around 300 million of them being clinically obese. This really is a major contributor to the global burden of chronic disease and disability.

Authorities think that if the existing patterns continue, by 2015 approximately two.three billion adults will probably be overweight and more than 700 million will be obese.

What triggers obesity?

Obesity is usually a complex problem with many potential causes, which includes social and psychological dimensions. Even so, it is possible to identify three main and recurring factors:

• poor eating habits
• insufficient exercise
• psychological issues / anxiety.

Of course, there are a variety of other major factors too (like metabolism, environment, family history, genetics, illness, prescribed medicines etc), but these three are typically central issues.

From time to time, you can find medical reasons for obesity. One example is, there is an uncommon hereditary condition called Prader-Willi syndrome, in which there may be problems with dealing with cravings for food. On the other hand, the cases where an underlying medical condition is the cause of obesity are rare.

Just what are the health risks of obesity?

Acknowledged since 1985 as a chronic illness, obesity is considered the second leading cause of preventable death, exceeded only by cigarettes.

It has been determined as a main risk factor for:

• high blood pressure
• heart illness
• stroke
• diabetes mellitus
• some cancers in both men and females.

Persons who hold a great deal of excess fat, especially in the waist area, are at a far greater risk of developing these plus a variety of other serious health difficulties. Frequently as a direct result of years of bad diet, they’re also far more likely to develop digestive disorders.

Weight problems in children

Regrettably, obesity is known as a growing epidemic among children. In most cases, children (particularly very young children) will have little if any control over the things they eat and the amount they exercise. Parents, serving as role models, will ordinarily dictate this and will have a key role in shaping their children’s eating and exercise habits early in life. For that reason, where obesity is observed in older children and teenagers (who have more control over their food intake and exercise), obesity is still usually attributable to their parents and the effect that they had in forming their children’s behaviours.

It is actually vitally important for parents to take practical steps to adopt sensible dietary habits and to assist their children to make healthy choices in a world of “junk food” and high fat / sugar drinks and snack foods, which tend to be cheap and readily available.

Childhood obesity is already at epidemic proportions in some locations and on the rise in others. 22 million youngsters under 5 are estimated to be overweight internationally. Obesity is believed to have an effect on one-third of kids in the US and Europe, while Asian-Pacific children are apparently becoming larger as the region becomes more affluent. Numerous studies have highlighted that childhood obesity is of growing concern to both parents and governments in the UK and overseas. Given the figures, it really is easy to understand why.

How might you tackle obesity?

You will not be surprised to hear that obesity is not an easy condition to correct. At a personal level, it requires courage, persistence, will-power, dedication, a desire to learn and change and a proactive and optimistic attitude. The understanding and support of those around you is also very helpful.

Regularly, specialists such as nutritionists, dieticians and personal trainers can be of help in the early stages. For instance, when it comes to devising meal plans and training programmes. On the other hand, for those who would rather not (or cannot afford) to spend money on specialist advice, you can find some good free meal plans available for guidance. You can also take the following general steps:

1. Ensure that you are eating a balanced diet. Even when you’re attempting to shed weight, it really is significant to make certain that you are still getting a broad spectrum of vitamins and minerals (particularly during times of restricted food choice). Nutrients-fortified meal replacements, protein shakes and other health foods and weight management support supplements can be a terrific way to achieve this, without loading up on calories.

2. Apply an appropriate exercise programme, which takes account of your own personal abilities, health conditions and circumstances, talking with your physician as required.

3. Study – absorb as much reliable data as you can on your situation. Knowledge is power! By way of example, study your metabolism – it is unique to you and may be key to achieving your weight loss objectives. Your metabolism determines how effectively the calories you consume are utilised. Each and every individual has their own daily caloric requirements, known as the Basal Metabolic Rate. Think of your incoming and outgoing calories as a bank account that must be balanced.

4. Drink a lot of pure (filtered) water. It goes without saying that water is a vital nutrient for overall health and to sustain life, but as part of a wider approach to weight reduction it can help by making you feel full and keeping you hydrated (which helps to enhance bodily functions). Water also has a key part to play in distributing imperative nutrients throughout the body, managing body temperature, eliminating hazardous toxins and enhancing blood flow to the skin. The thermogenic impact of drinking chilled water can also be helpful.

5. Cleanse your liver. The liver directly affects your body fat and consequently your weight. Its function is to transform stored fat into energy and this metabolism of fat is directly affected by the quantity of water you drink (see above). The liver also acts as a backup for the kidneys, which demand a lot of water to function correctly. This means that when the kidneys are not functioning properly the liver steps in to help out, which takes it away from its main function of metabolising the stored fat.

These straightforward steps can enable you to to manage your weight sensibly and successfully for the long-term. Moderation and variety are the secrets of good results.

*Before changing your diet, undertaking a new exercise regime or taking health supplements, always be sure to consult your doctor or qualified health practitioner (particularly if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or on medications).

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